WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump signed an executive order for a new travel ban on Monday, imposing fresh restrictions on citizens of six Muslim-majority nations from entering the United States.
However, Democrats and civil liberties groups said the new executive order is just as flawed as the travel ban the president tried to push through earlier this year, the Washington Post reported.
That travel ban was successfully challenged in the courts, and the revised edition is now likely to spark a fresh round of legal wrangles.
An executive order is an official presidential statement about how federal agencies must use their resources within parameters set by Congress and the U.S. Constitution.
Executive orders can be challenged legally, because Article III of the Constitution gives federal courts the power to interpret that document. This means federal courts can declare an executive order illegal or unconstitutional.
Under Article III, the courts also rule over all cases where the U.S. is a party. For example, when a state — such as Washington, which challenged the last travel ban — or a citizen sues the national government.
If challenged, Trump’s new travel ban could be appealed all the way up to the Supreme Court, which has the ultimate power to rule on its legality.