How Germany's parliament and chancellor are elected

Germans have to cast two votes, one for a candidate and one for a party, every four years.

    2018/10/31

NSFW    GERMANY — Every four years, German voters take to the polls to elect members of the Bundestag, which then selects the next chancellor.

Germans cast two votes, one for a candidate and one for a political party.

This determines how the 598 seats in the Bundestag will be divided among the political parties. The process is called a personalized proportional representation system.

The first vote for the candidate, will be on the left side of the ballot while the second vote, for a political party, will be on the right side of the ballot, according to CNBC.

The newly-elected parliament then votes for the chancellor. The chancellor would need to receive more than half of the votes to be elected.

As there are multiple political parties, the chancellor also needs to receive votes from other smaller parties along with his or her own party or form coalitions in order to receive an absolute majority of votes.
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